It is about fourteen centuries, since when muslims preserve the hadiths, the reports, referring to the words and acts of our prophet Muhammed (s.a.s.).
I offer, in my world-view, to form armaze, and the other frameworks, with opinions formed through referral-reports. (e.g: for whom-to-marry, for knowhow-preference, for finance-investment, etc.) We do not need to turn to any central-authority about these. We form our mazes/networks of right-informers. We evaluate any news through these formulas-for-a-living, our rules-of-thumb.
Readers may have a faith in my honesty, and I think it is fair. But they must verify anything, themselves, if I tell them that I refer to other reports. I may only report what I know, with appropriate qualification. I may tell about a weather-forecast if I have heard it on TV, but I cannot own the content.
I may report, e.g: "TV said it is rainy today." Thereafter, the people who hear my words, must reflect whether they believe such TV reports. In other words, I said what I said, I did my info-relay job, and I said it right. If I tell what is the source of it, that means, it is the task of the reader/listener to verify the source itself, with their own rules-of-thumb. (e.g: Their opinions about weather-forecasts in general, and/or about that TV channel.)
This is the format of referral-mazesnetworks. There is the incidence, and there are those who refer to the incidence, with referral to the list who told it. e.g: "I refer to the words ofAhmedAhmed, who referred to the words of JohnJones, who referred to the words of YahyaAhmed, who went out, and told that the weather was warm."
If we think the people who are referred to, as honest people, we would take their words, for it. In other cases, multiple such news may concur to make a sufficiently credible case. In that case we may honor our ROC-biases, too. We would prefer to minimize risk. If it is possibly to hurt, if we may not act, we may act even with less strength-of-referral, but if it may hurt if we act, we may expect firmer evidence.
In all of this authenticity is important. Avoid impostors (who imitate a specific person), and impersonators (who appear as if a certain type of person, maybe with particular job), and simply lieful people, who tell about things they have not seen, or heard.
A hadith is a report of words or acts of our prophet Muhammed (s.a.s.). Next to Quran, the words of Allah, the miraculous text, the hadiths explain some points further, and we learn how he lived/interpreted by Quran, as a human, and as the most recent, and the current-till-doomsday, prophet, Muhammed (s.a.s.)
He did not have any right to commit any errors, in any way Allah would objected. If something is not rejected by him, that means Allah would not reject it, either. In such cases, we take that thing is a valid path/alternative, too.
The anti-abuse strategies page warns about a variety of tricks and traps.
Any armaze is to form its maze through a (world-wide) referral-to-the-right-people, to fight against security-threats. Ideally, even if nobody keeps a central record for it, an armaze, the armaze, may reacl everywhere in the whole world. The right-principles, if accepted by everybody, already reaches that ideal, even if people may not know and verify every person, through a single maze. i.e: Even with several foreign mazes, it may act as a single well-formed, non-contradictory world-defense.
About fourteen centuries ago, it was the times of our prophet Muhammed (s.a.s.)